Eastern Art Online, Yousef Jameel Centre for Islamic and Asian Art

Ashmolean − Eastern Art Online, Yousef Jameel Centre for Islamic and Asian Art

Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum

A catalogue of the Ashmolean’s collection of Indian art by J. C. Harle and Andrew Topsfield (published Oxford, 1987).

Indian Art in the Ashmolean Museum by J. C. Harle and Andrew Topsfield

Publications online: 1 object

Reference URL


Send e-mail

Contact us about this object

Send e-mail

Send to a friend

Bhishma advises Yudhishthira on the nature of the four varnas, or castes

  • Description

    To further Muslim-Hindu understanding Akbar ordered the Mahabharata and other classic Hindu texts to be translated into Persian, the court language. This manuscript may have been commissioned by Akbar’s commander-in-chief, ‘Abd ur-Rahim Khankhanan.

  • Details

    Associated place
    AsiaIndia north India (place of creation)
    Mughal Period (1526 - 1858)
    Jamal, son of Muwafig (active c. 1598) (artist)
    Associated people
    probably 'Abd ur-Rahim Khankhanan (1556 - 1626) (commissioner)
    Material and technique
    gouache on paper
    mount 40.2 x 27.7 cm (height x width)
    page 30.3 x 16.2 cm (height x width)
    painting with border 22.7 x 13.5 cm (height x width)
    painting without border 22.2 x 12.9 cm (height x width)
    Material index
    Technique index
    Object type index
    No. of items
    Credit line
    Gift of Gerald Reitlinger, 1978.
    Accession no.
  • Further reading

    Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 18 July-13 September 1981, and London: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 1981, Eastern Ceramics and Other Works of Art from the Collection of Gerald Reitlinger: Catalogue of the Memorial Exhibition, Deborah Willis, ed. (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum and London: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 1981), no. 402 on p. 142, illus. p. 142


    • currently in research collection

Objects are sometimes moved to a different location. Our object location data is usually updated on a monthly basis. Contact the Jameel Study Centre if you are planning to visit the museum to see a particular object on display, or would like to arrange an appointment to see an object in our reserve collections.



Object information may not accurately reflect the actual contents of the original publication, since our online objects contain current information held in our collections database. Click on 'buy this publication' to purchase printed versions of our online publications, where available, or contact the Jameel Study Centre to arrange access to books on our collections that are now out of print.

© 2013 University of Oxford - Ashmolean Museum