Eastern Art Online, Yousef Jameel Centre for Islamic and Asian Art

Ashmolean − Eastern Art Online, Yousef Jameel Centre for Islamic and Asian Art

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Bhishma advises Yudhishthira on the nature of the four varnas, or castes

  • Description

    To further Muslim-Hindu understanding Akbar ordered the Mahabharata and other classic Hindu texts to be translated into Persian, the court language. This manuscript may have been commissioned by Akbar’s commander-in-chief, ‘Abd ur-Rahim Khankhanan.

  • Details

    Associated place
    AsiaIndia north India (place of creation)
    Mughal Period (1526 - 1858)
    Jamal, son of Muwafig (active c. 1598) (artist)
    Associated people
    probably 'Abd ur-Rahim Khankhanan (1556 - 1626) (commissioner)
    Material and technique
    gouache on paper
    mount 40.2 x 27.7 cm (height x width)
    page 30.3 x 16.2 cm (height x width)
    painting with border 22.7 x 13.5 cm (height x width)
    painting without border 22.2 x 12.9 cm (height x width)
    Material index
    Technique index
    Object type index
    No. of items
    Credit line
    Gift of Gerald Reitlinger, 1978.
    Accession no.
  • Further reading

    Oxford: Ashmolean Museum, 18 July-13 September 1981, and London: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 1981, Eastern Ceramics and Other Works of Art from the Collection of Gerald Reitlinger: Catalogue of the Memorial Exhibition, Deborah Willis, ed. (Oxford: Ashmolean Museum and London: Sotheby Parke Bernet, 1981), no. 402 on p. 142, illus. p. 142


    • currently in research collection

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